GoldenEye has a rich and colorful history. Rather than tell you, let us show you!

Union Jack flag

1939

Ian Lancaster Fleming is recruited by Her Majesty’s British Naval Intelligence.

1942

Periscope up! Nazi U-boats in the Caribbean? Commander Fleming is sent to investigate, working on a naval operation called GoldenEye. The beauty of the place and its people made it difficult for the 34-year-old to keep his mind on the fighting. He knew that when the war ended, he’d return.

Uboat

1946

Fleming discovers that 15 acres of tropical overbrush, formerly a donkey racetrack, is for sale in the small, buzzy banana port town of Oracabessa Bay, Jamaica. Fleming telegraphs the local realtor, “PRAY PAUSE NOT. IAN”. Fleming sketches his dream villa on desk blotter, naming it, GoldenEye. He returns to dream up his super agent 007, James Bond.

1949

After falling in love with Jamaica on a visit to GoldenEye, playwright Noël Coward builds a beach home nearby, Blue Harbour. But besieged by a never-ending parade of glamorous guests, Coward buys an escape from his escape, a few miles up the hill from GoldenEye. Coward christens his new retreat, Firefly.

Firefly painting
Goldeneye in 1950

1950

The acclaimed travel writer, Patrick Leigh Fermor, visits GoldenEye. He writes: “Here, on a headland, Commander Ian Fleming has built a house called GoldenEye that might serve as a model for new houses in the tropics. Trees surround it on all sides except the sea, which it almost overhangs. The windows that look toward the sea are glassless, but equipped with outside shutters against the rain: enormous quadrilaterals...tame the elements, as it were, into an ever-changing fresco of which one can never tire.”
— The Traveller’s Tree: A Journey rough the Caribbean Island

1952

Typing out 2,000 words a day, Fleming writes Casino Royale, the first of his 13 James Bond novels, all of which were written in his bedroom at GoldenEye. Three of the books — Dr. No, Live and Let Die and The Man with the Golden Gun - are set in Jamaica.

1955

After attending school in England, Chris Blackwell returns to Jamaica where his family has lived since the 18th century.

1956

Britain’s Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden and his wife spend three weeks at GoldenEye. Eden writes to Fleming:“I do not think that there is any other place anywhere that could have given me the rest I have to have. The bathing, the beach, the seclusion, the size of the grounds were all just perfect to enjoy and be concealed.”

Before leaving, Eden plants a tree in the garden at GoldenEye— inaugurating a custom that continues today.

Sir Anthony Eden
Island Records

1959

After returning to the Jamaica of his childhood and following stints as an aide de camp to the governor then as a waterskiing instructor, Blackwell records blind pianist Lance Heywood, whom he first heard perform at the Half Moon resort. This recording session begins the story of Island Records. A brilliantly independent label just off the coast of the music industry, Island did more to change the cultural landscape than any record label in history. Island Records brought reggae music to the world outside Jamaica, with Blackwell himself producing Bob Marley and the Wailers. Island broke British acts like Traffic, Bad Company, ELP, Free, Fairport Convention, King Crimson and the greatest of world music from the Irish traditionalists The Chieftains to Africans like King Sunny Ade. It brought us such independent spirits as Roxy Music, Brian Eno, Sparks, Grace Jones, Marianne Faithfull, Tom Waits and that Irish band, U2.

1950s - 1960s

The sexy social vibe of Jamaica’s North Coast seduces Errol Flynn, Lucian Freud, Katharine Hepburn, Cecil Beaton, Laurence Olivier, Evelyn Waugh, Alec Guinness, John Gielgud, Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Sophia Loren and Truman Capote. Enchanted, the smart set whirls among Fleming’s GoldenEye, Coward’s Firefly and Blanche Blackwell’s house, Bolt.

Jamaica poster
Dr No

1961

Dr. No, the first Bond novel made into a film, is shot in Jamaica. At Fleming’s suggestion, Chris Blackwell is hired as a location scout and consults on the movie’s soundtrack.

1962

My boy lollipop! You make my heart go giddy up.

Blackwell produces “My Boy Lollipop.” Six million copies sell worldwide. Jamaican singer, Millie Small, rockets to stardom. Island Records has arrived. A brand new beat takes over popular music.

Jamaica, land we love, Jamaica, land we love.
On August 6, 1962: Jamaica declares itself and independent country.

My Boy Lollipop
Playboy Ian Fleming

1964

Playboy publishes the last interview with Fleming. In it, he explains the inspiration behind the name of his villa: “I had happened to be reading Reflections in a Golden Eye by Carson McCullers, and I’d been involved in an operation called Goldeneye during the war: the defense of Gibraltar, supposing that the Spaniards had decided to attack it.” Fleming passes away on August 12th.

1965

The Bullshot is the cocktail du jour. Coward tells Queen Mum, “You must try one!” Queen Mum obliges and drops in for a drink at Firefly while visiting Jamaica.
The Bullshot:
3 oz. vodka
4 oz. strong cold beef bullion
salt and pepper

The Queen Mum

1970

Throughout the 1970s, Island Records rocks. The label is host to acts including Traffic, Steve Winwood, Cat Stevens, Nick Drake, Robert Palmer, King Crimson, Roxy Music, Marianne Faithfull, Black Uhuru and Burning Spear, to name a few.

1972

Island Records releases Bob Marley and the Wailers, Catch a Fire in the now-famous Zippo-lighter record sleeve. Marley becomes a superstar, igniting the “rebel romance” of Jamaica around the world.

Record box
The Harder They Come

1973

The Harder They Come, the film starring Island Records reggae singer Jimmy Cliff hits the screen. Love Jamaica? This is a must-see!

1974

American writer and journalist Jon Bradshaw publishes Backgammon: The Cruelest Game following many heated games at GoldenEye.

Backgammon the Cruellest Game
Goldeneye

1976

Chris Blackwell buys GoldenEye. “I thought of living there,” he says, “but I never did—I just went there sometimes, swam there sometimes, let friends and family stay there sometimes. You could say it was a house I used as an entertaining place.” Watch Chris Blackwell talk about GoldenEye here!

1982

Dickie Jobson directs the film Countryman. Blackwell produces. Many cocktails are consumed at GoldenEye while discussing the details.

Countryman
The Police

1983

The Police top the charts with “Every Breath You Take.” The song was written at GoldenEye while Sting was vacationing.

1989

Blackwell sells Island Records and founds the Island Outpost group of boutique hotels, buying the Marlin in Miami’s South Beach and kicking off the fabled city’s rebirth as a hip destination.

Island Outpost

1998

Blackwell founds Palm Pictures, releasing the innovative, poetic music often heard at GoldenEye, including Ernest Ranglin, Baaba Maal, Gigi, Sidestepper and many more.

2002

Bono inducts Blackwell into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Bono
Chris Blackwell

2004 - 2006

Blackwell is awarded the Order of Jamaica medal from Governor-General Sir Howard Cooke and receives the International Humanitarian Award from the American Friends of Jamaica.

2007

Having already added 25 acres to the original 15-acre estate over a period of 30 years, Blackwell announces plans to add cottages and huts to the mix of villas that make up GoldenEye.

Goldeneye from the air
Beach scene

2008

The Jamaica Observer asks Blackwell, “What was the inspiration for your great and uniquely Jamaican hotels?” Blackwell expounds, “I focus on finding stunning locations and then putting hotels on them.... I try to turn people onto the natural beauty of Jamaica and encourage them to meet its people.”

2009

IN APRIL, Music Week names Blackwell “Most influential U.K.- based industry executive of the past five decades.”
IN MAY, Island Records celebrates 50 years with a string of concerts.

2010

GoldenEye closes for major renovations.

2011

GoldenEye garners accolades and acclaim: Travel + Leisure puts it on their “It List: Best New Hotels 2011,” the World Travel Awards put it on their “Hot List: Best New Hotels & Resorts of 2011,” and Smart Luxury Travel names it the Caribbean’s Number One Boutique Hotel.

Ian Fleming International Airport, located about five miles down the road from GoldenEye, is named for the area’s world-famous literary star.

Ian Fleming Airport
Beach Huts

2016

GoldenEye introduces...the Beach Huts! Blackwell fell in love with the beach hut concept on a trip across Jamaica back in the 1980s. Now, he’s built a hamlet of huts. All are designed so you feel one step away from sleeping under the stars.

The Oracabessa Foundation

The Oracabessa Foundation

The Oracabessa Foundation was founded in 1995 to be a catalyst for the sustainable development of Oracabessa and its environs. You can read more here.

The goal of the Oracabessa Fish Sanctuary is to protect and restore Oracabessa Bay’s natural resources, while serving as a catalyst to ensure the sustainable livelihoods of the families that depend on the Bay for their income. You can read more here.

About Coral

About Coral

According to a recent story in Time Magazine, “Currently, somewhere between 4,000 and 6,000 tons of sunscreen enters coral reef areas around the world each year”. Considering how little it takes to cause toxic effects, that’s
a lot of sunscreen. At GoldenEye, we’ve made real headway propagating Staghorn Coral
and bolstering the health of our reef (you can read about it here). With preservation as our goal, we began stocking our gift shop with Soleil Toujours sun protection products – their EcoSun complex is a proprietary blend, and the only one that won’t damage the underwater ecosystem.

Saving the Sea Turtles

Saving the Sea Turtles

Mel Tennant came to Jamaica in 2003, purchasing a home overlooking Oracabessa’s Gibraltar Beach, and expecting to enjoy his retirement in tropical quiet. The following year, Tennant observed turtle tracks on Gibraltar Beach for the first time. Further investigation led him to find that most of the adult turtles were either killed and their nests dug up. The destruction of a critically endangered species would soon put an end to his tropical retirement, and send Tennant into a newfound mission to protect the sea turtles.

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